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Mitochondrial phosphate transport during nutrient stimulation of INS-1E insulinoma cells

Quan, Xianglan, Das, Ranjan, Xu, Shanhua, Cline, Gary W., Wiederkehr, Andreas, Wollheim, Claes B., Park, Kyu-Sang
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 2013 v.381 pp. 198-209
acidification, adenosine diphosphate, adenosine triphosphate, alkalinization, cytosol, electrochemistry, energy metabolism, insulin secretion, mitochondria, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, pH, phosphates, rats, succinic acid
Here, we have investigated the role of inorganic phosphate (Pi) transport in mitochondria of rat clonal β-cells. In α-toxin-permeabilized INS-1E cells, succinate and glycerol-3-phosphate increased mitochondrial ATP release which depends on exogenous ADP and Pi. In the presence of substrates, addition of Pi caused mitochondrial matrix acidification and hyperpolarisation which promoted ATP export. Dissipation of the mitochondrial pH gradient or pharmacological inhibition of Pi transport blocked the effects of Pi on electrochemical gradient and ATP export. Knock-down of the phosphate transporter PiC, however, neither prevented Pi-induced mitochondrial activation nor glucose-induced insulin secretion. Using 31P NMR we observed reduction of Pi pools during nutrient stimulation of INS-1E cells. Interestingly, Pi loss was less pronounced in mitochondria than in the cytosol. We conclude that matrix alkalinisation is necessary to maintain a mitochondrial Pi pool, at levels sufficient to stimulate energy metabolism in insulin-secreting cells beyond its role as a substrate for ATP synthesis.