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Novel mutational mechanism in the thyroglobulin gene: Imperfect DNA inversion as a cause for hereditary hypothyroidism

Citterio, Cintia E., Rossetti, Liliana C., Souchon, Pierre F., Morales, Cecilia, Thouvard-Viprey, Mathilde, Salmon-Musial, Anne S., Mauran, Pierre L.A., Doco-Fenzy, Martine, González-Sarmiento, Rogelio, Rivolta, Carina M., De Brasi, Carlos D., Targovnik, Héctor M.
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 2013 v.381 pp. 220-229
quantitative polymerase chain reaction, sequence analysis, blood serum, thyroglobulin, goiter, parents, bioinformatics, brothers, heterozygosity, mutation, intergenic DNA, homozygosity, hypothyroidism, exons, introns, Turkey (country)
The objective of this study was to perform genetic analysis in three brothers of Turkish origin born from consanguineus parents and affected by congenital hypothyroidism, goiter and low levels of serum TG. The combination of sequencing of DNA, PCR mapping, quantitative real-time PCR, inverse-PCR (I-PCR), multiplex PCR and bioinformatics analysis were used in order to detect TG mutations.We demonstrated that the three affected siblings are homozygous for a DNA inversion of 16,962bp in the TG gene associated with two deleted regions at both sides of the inversion limits. The inversion region includes the first 9bp of exon 48, 1015bp of intron 47, 191bp of exon 47, 1523bp of intron 46, 135bp of exon 46 and the last 14,089bp of intron 45. The proximal deletion corresponds to 27bp of TG intron 45, while the distal deletion spans the last 230bp of TG exon 48 and the first 588bp of intergenic region downstream TG end. The parents were heterozygous carriers of the complex rearrangement.In conclusion, a novel large imperfect DNA inversion within the TG gene was identified by the strategy of I-PCR. This aberration was not detectable by normal sequencing of the exons and exon/intron boundaries. Remarkably, the finding represents the first description of a TG deficiency disease caused by a DNA inversion.