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Effect of different cultivation conditions and inducers on the production of laccase by the litter-dwelling fungal isolate Fusarium incarnatum LD-3 under solid substrate fermentation

Chhaya, Urvish, Gupte, Akshaya
Annals of microbiology 2013 v.63 no.1 pp. 215-223
Fusarium incarnatum, alcohols, amino acids, fungi, laccase, nitrogen, pH, rice bran, solid state fermentation, temperature, water content
The litter-dwelling fungus Fusarium incarnatum LD-3 has been identified as a novel producer of laccase. The present work was oriented towards the optimization of various cultivation conditions for maximizing laccase production under solid substrate fermentation. The process parameters were optimized by the “one factor at a time” approach. Maximum laccsase production was obtained at pH 5.0 and at a temperature of 28 °C with 60 % moisture content using rice bran as a substrate. The laccase production was enhanced in the presence of aromatic inducer, i.e. ortho-dianisidine at a concentration of 0.5 mM. Laccase production was further increased by 52.56 % when the medium was supplemented with 2 % (v/v) alcohol. Among the various amino acids tested as a growth factor and nitrogen source, D-Serine and DL-2 Amino n-butyric acid, DL-Alanine and L-Glycine were found to be the most suitable for laccase production. The highest laccase production (1,352.64 U/g) was achieved under optimized conditions, and was 2.1-fold higher than the unoptimized conditions. Thus, the novel litter-dwelling fungal isolate Fusarium incarnatum LD-3 seems to be an efficient producer of laccase and can be further exploited for biotechnological applications. This is the first report on the optimization of cultivation conditions and inducers for laccase production from Fusarium incarnatum LD-3.