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A novel GLP-1 analog exhibits potent utility in the treatment of type 2 diabetes with an extended half-life and efficient glucose clearance in vivo

Li, Ying, Xu, Weiren, Tang, Lida, Gong, Min, Zhang, Jianning
Peptides 2011 v.32 no.7 pp. 1408-1414
binding capacity, biological half-life, drug therapy, glucagon-like peptide 1, glucose, glucose tolerance, half life, hypoglycemic agents, insulin, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, renal clearance, rodents, tryptophan
The multiple physiological characterizations of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) make it a promising drug candidate for the therapy of type 2 diabetes. However, the half-life of GLP-1 is short in vivo due to degradation by dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) and renal clearance. Therefore, the stabilization of GLP-1 is critical for its utility in drug development. Based on our previous research, a GLP-1 analog that contained an intra-disulfide bond exhibited a prolonged biological half-life. In this study, we improved upon previous analogs with a novel GLP-1 analog that contained a tryptophan cage-like sequence for an improved binding affinity to the GLP-1 receptor. The binding capacities and the stabilities of GLP715a were investigated, and the physiological functions of the GLP715a were compared to those of the wild-type GLP-1 in animals. The results demonstrated that the new GLP-1 analog (GLP715a) increased its biological half-life to approximately 48h in vivo; GLP715a also exhibited a higher binding affinity to the GLP-1 receptor than the wild-type GLP-1. The increased binding capacity of GLP715a to its receptor resulted in a quick response to glucose administration. The long-acting anti-diabetic property of GLP715a was revealed by its increased glucose tolerance, higher HbA₁c reduction, more efficient glucose clearance and quicker insulin stimulation upon glucose administration compared to the wild-type GLP-1 in rodents. The improved physiological characterizations of GLP715a make it a possible potent anti-diabetic drug in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.