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Large Woody Debris Structures for Sand-Bed Channels
- Shields, F.D. Jr., Morin, N., Cooper, C.M.
- Journal of hydraulic engineering 2004 v.130 no.3 pp. 208
- coarse woody debris, stream erosion, erosion control, habitat conservation, ecological restoration, soil stabilization, stream channels, sediments, equations
- Described is a method for channel erosion control and habitat rehabilitation featuring intermittent placement of structures made of large woody debris. This method is expressly tailored to address severe problems typical of incised channels with little sediment coarser than sand. In these types of environments, buoyancy forces are typically more important factors in woody debris stability than fluid drag. Buoyant forces are counteracted by the weight of the structure, earth anchors, and sediment deposits. Design concepts were tested in a demonstration project constructed along 2 km of channel draining a 37-km2 watershed. Large woody debris structures reduced velocities in the region adjacent to the bank toe and induced sediment deposition and retention. Construction costs per unit channel length were 23-58% of costs for recent stone bank stabilization projects within the same region. During the second year following construction, 31% of the structures failed during high flows, probably due to inadequate anchoring.