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Removal of toxic metal ions from landfill leachate by complementary sorption and transport across polymer inclusion membranes
- Zawierucha, Iwona, Kozlowski, Cezary, Malina, Grzegorz
- Waste management 2013 v.33 pp. 2129-2136
- plasticizers, zinc, sorption, landfill leachates, heavy metals, lead, wastewater, cadmium, polymers, toxicity, waste management, metal ions, macrocyclic compounds
- In this study, performance of a lab-scale two-step treatment system was evaluated for removal of toxic metal ions from landfill leachate. The technology of polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs) was the first step, while the second step of the treatment system was based on sorption on impregnated resin. The PIMs were synthesized from cellulose triacetate as a support, macrocyclic compound i.e. alkyl derivative of resorcinarene as a ionic carrier and o-nitrophenyl pentyl ether as a plasticizer. The transport experiments through PIM were carried out in a permeation cell, in which the membrane film was tightly clamped between two cell compartments. The sorption tests were carried out using a column filled with a resin impregnated with resorcinarene derivative. The obtained results show the good performance with respect to the removal of heavy metals from landfill leachate with the overall removal efficiency of 99%, 88% and 55% for Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions, respectively. Moreover the contents of metal ions in the leachate sample after treatment system were below permissible limit for wastewater according to the Polish Standards.