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Adsorption and desorption behavior of selected pesticides as influenced by decomposition of maize mulch

Aslam, Sohaib, Garnier, Patricia, Rumpel, Cornelia, Parent, Serge E., Benoit, Pierre
Chemosphere 2013 v.91 pp. 1447-1455
adsorption, chemical composition, corn, crop residues, desorption, glyphosate, hydrophobicity, lignin, metolachlor, models, mulches, prediction
Assessing pesticide fate in conservation agricultural systems requires a detailed understanding of their interaction with decomposing surface crop residues (mulch). Adsorption and desorption behavior of glyphosate, s-metolachlor and epoxiconazole was investigated on maize mulch residues decomposed under laboratory and field conditions. Our conceptual approach included characterization of chemical composition and hydrophobicity of mulch residues in order to generate parameters to predict sorption behavior. Adsorption of s-metolachlor and epoxiconazole greatly increased with mulch decomposition, whereas glyphosate adsorption was less affected but its desorption was increased. Mulch characteristics including aromaticity, hydrophobicity and polarity indices were strongly correlated to Koc of the non-ionic pesticides. A predictive model based on compositional data (CoDa) analysis revealed that the sorption capacity of decomposing mulch can be predicted from descriptors such as aromatic and alkyl C corresponding respectively to lignin and NDF biochemical fractions. The decomposition degree of mulch residues should be taken into account while predicting the fate of pesticides.