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Reduction of Cr(VI) into Cr(III) by Spirulina dead biomass in aqueous solution: Kinetic studies

Gagrai, Mahesh Kumar, Das, Chandan, Golder, Animes Kumar
Chemosphere 2013 v.93 pp. 1366-1371
Spirulina, anions, biocompatible materials, biomass, chlorides, chromium, heavy metals, microalgae, models, pH, temperature
Microalga species are potential scavengers of heavy metals. The active functional groups of a number of biomaterials are capable to detoxify Cr(VI) to Cr(III). A 2nd order kinetic model was developed in terms of concentration of protonated acidic groups of Spirulina sp. biomass for the reduction of Cr(VI) into Cr(III). Cr(VI) reduction reaction grounded on the concentration of functional groups was validated over a broad range of pH, temperature and anionic strength. Lower pH favoured Cr(VI) reduction reaction and the experimental results well fitted to the kinetic model. The overall rate constant, kt, decreased logarithmically from 22.7 to 2.8mM−1s−1 with rise of pH from 0.5 to 6.0. Whereas, kt increased nearly by 23% with elevation temperature from 25 to 45°C. Higher concentration (>0.235mM) of background anions (Cl−, SO42- and NO3-) was resulted in decreases in kt values. The rate constant expression developed can be employed to quantify Cr(VI) reduction into Cr(III) using Spirulina biomass.