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Hexabromocyclododecanes in limnic and marine organisms and terrestrial plants from Tianjin, China: Diastereomer- and enantiomer-specific profiles, biomagnification, and human exposure
- Zhang, Yanwei, Sun, Hongwen, Liu, Fang, Dai, Yuanyuan, Qin, Xuebo, Ruan, Yuefei, Zhao, Lijie, Gan, Zhiwei
- Chemosphere 2013 v.93 pp. 1561-1568
- average daily intake, bioaccumulation, diastereomers, enantiomers, humans, leaves, liver, marine fish, muscles, plants (botany), rhizosphere, soil, trophic relationships, wheat, China
- To interpret the distribution of hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) in various organisms, we measured the concentrations and diastereomer and enantiomer profiles of HBCDs in 21 different species of limnic and marine cohorts from Tianjin, China. The concentration ranges of HBCDs in limnic and marine organisms were 64.3–1111ngg−1lw and 85.5–989ngg−1lw, respectively. Living habitat and feeding habits had important impacts on HBCD diastereomer distribution. Most of the species appeared to preferentially select (+)-α-, (−)-β- and (−)-γ-HBCD. There is a tendency that the total and α-HBCDs were magnified as trophic level increased with trophic magnification factors (TMFs) around 2. The concentrations of HBCDs in the limnic and marine fishes were highest in the liver, followed by the gill, skin, and muscle. In terrestrial plants, the highest concentrations of HBCDs were observed in the leaf, followed by the root and the rhizosphere soil. Plants showed enantioselectivity for HBCD enantiomers, which varied with plant species and organs (leaf vs. root) of the same plant. Higher estimated daily intakes (EDIs) of HBCDs were observed from fish than from wheat.