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Levels, profile and distribution of Dechloran Plus (DP) and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) in the environment of Pakistan

Syed, Jabir Hussain, Malik, Riffat Naseem, Li, Jun, Wang, Yan, Xu, Yue, Zhang, Gan, Jones, Kevin C.
Chemosphere 2013 v.93 pp. 1646-1653
air, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, rivers, sediments, soil, Pakistan
No scientific data is available on emerging contaminants including Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) and Dechloran Plus (DP) levels in the environment in Pakistan. Levels of PBDEs and DP were determined in the soil, sediment and atmospheric samples along the stretch of River Ravi in Punjab Province. Average concentrations of ΣPBDEs in atmosphere, soils and sediments were 36pgm−3, 40ngg−1 and 640ngg−1. BDE-209 was the most abundant PBDE congener, showing that deca-BDE accounts for most of the total PBDE emitted in the environment of Pakistan. Total DP levels were calculated as 88pgm−3, 0.8ngg−1 and 1.9ngg−1 in air, soil and sediment samples, respectively. The lower average fractions of anti-DP showed significant differences to those of the technical mixtures, indicating the lack of DP production source in Pakistan.