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Assessment of decadal changes in sediment contamination in a large connecting channel (Detroit River, North America)

Szalinska, Ewa, Grgicak-Mannion, Alice, Haffner, G. Douglas, Drouillard, Ken G.
Chemosphere 2013 v.93 pp. 1773-1781
cadmium, copper, geostatistics, heavy metals, lead, mercury, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, rivers, sampling, sediment contamination, sediments, zinc, Great Lakes, North America
Concentrations of selected heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn) and organic contaminants (PCBs, PAHs) were investigated in samples from the Detroit River (Great Lakes, North America) in 1999 and 2008/09 collected using a stratified random sampling design. Getis–Ord geospatial analysis was used to further establish locations of areas demonstrating significantly high and low contaminant concentrations in the river. Based on the stratified random sampling design, a majority of the examined metals and organic contaminants demonstrated little or no trends with respect to regional sediment concentrations and river-wide mass balances over the investigated time interval. The Getis–Ord analysis revealed local scales of contaminated and clean areas which did not conform to the original strata used in the geostatistical sampling design. It is suggested that geospatial analyses such as Getis–Ord be used in the design of future sediment quality surveys to refine locations of strata that can simultaneously address sediment recovery over system-wide, regional and local spatial scales.