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Effect of octylphenol on physiologic features during growth in Arabidopsis thaliana
- Chen, Bing-Sheng, Hsiao, Yu-Ling, Yen, Jui-Hung
- Chemosphere 2013 v.93 pp. 2264-2268
- Arabidopsis thaliana, ascorbate peroxidase, biomass, catalase, chlorophyll, detergents, emulsifiers, germination, leaves, malondialdehyde, markets, oxidative stress, proline, sediments, shoots, soil, superoxide dismutase, surface water
- Alkylphenol ethoxylates are widely used as detergents, emulsifiers, solubilizers, wetting agents and dispersants. Octylphenol (OP) ethoxylates, one of alkylphenol ethoxylates, represent 15–20% of the market, and their metabolic residues may be discharged to surface waters, sediments and soils as a persistent and ubiquitous pollutant. We tested the response of Arabidopsis thaliana to different concentrations of OP. OP affected the germination percentage and mean germination period. 10d treatment with OP, especially high concentration (10 and 50mgL−1), decreased shoot and root biomass and root length of 30d-old A. thaliana. Content of chlorophyll was decreased but that of proline was increased in leaves with OP treatment. OP caused oxidative stress in leaves; malondialdehyde content was increased, and the activities of ascorbate peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase were induced. OP affects the physiologic and morphologic features of A. thaliana during growth. Because plants might be exposed to OP for a long time in the surroundings, more attention needs to be paid to the effect of OP on plants.