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Denitrification of industrial wastewater: Influence of glycerol addition on metabolic activity and community shifts in a microbial consortium

Cyplik, Paweł, Juzwa, Wojciech, Marecik, Roman, Powierska-Czarny, Jolanta, Piotrowska-Cyplik, Agnieszka, Czarny, Jakub, Drożdżyńska, Agnieszka, Chrzanowski, Łukasz
Chemosphere 2013 v.93 pp. 2823-2831
Citrobacter, Ochrobactrum intermedium, Pseudomonas alcaligenes, Pseudomonas putida, Pseudomonas stutzeri, Stenotrophomonas, acetic acid, biochemical pathways, biomass, denitrification, denitrifying bacteria, explosives, factories, glycerol, manufacturing, nitrate reduction, nitrates, pH, redox potential, rubber, sulfates, wastewater
The wastewater originating from explosives manufacturing plants are characterized by a high concentration of nitrates (3200mgNL−1), sulfates (1470mgL−1) and low pH (1.5) as well as the presence of organic compounds, such as nitroglycerin (1.9mgL−1) and nitroglycol (4.8mgL−1). The application of glycerol (C/N=3) at such a high concentration enabled complete removal of nitrates and did not cause the anaerobic glycerol metabolic pathway of the DNC4 consortium to activate, as confirmed by the low concentrations of 1,3-propanediol (0.16gL−1) and acetic acid (0.11gL−1) in the wastewater. Increasing the glycerol content (C/N=5) contributed to a notable increase in the concentration of both compounds: 1.12gL−1 for acetic acid and 1.82 for 1,3-PD (1,3-propanediol). The nitrate reduction rate was at 44mgNg−1 biomass d−1. In order to assess the metabolic activity of the microorganisms, a method to determine the redox potential was employed. It was established, that the microorganisms can be divided into four groups, based on the determined denitrification efficiency and zero-order nitrate removal constants. The first group, involving Pseudomonas putida and Pseudomonas stutzeri, accounts for microorganisms capable of the most rapid denitrification, the second involves rapid denitrifying microbes (Citrobacter freundi and Pseudomonas alcaligenes), the third group are microorganisms exhibiting moderate denitrification ability: Achrobactrum xylosoxidans, Ochrobactrum intermedium and Stenotrophomonas maltophila, while the last group consists of slow denitrifying bacteria: Rodococcus rubber and Sphignobacterium multivorum.