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Enhanced removal of dichloroacetonitrile from drinking water by the combination of solar-photocatalysis and ozonation

Shin, Donghoon, Jang, Min, Cui, Mingcan, Na, Seungmin, Khim, Jeehyeong
Chemosphere 2013 v.93 pp. 2901-2908
disinfection, drinking water, energy efficiency, lamps, oxidation, ozonation, ozone, pollutants, temperature, titanium dioxide, toxicity, wavelengths
In this study, the photocatalytic ozonation process using either UV lamps with a wavelength close to a solar wavelength (UVsolar) or natural solar light was established to study the effects of the major operating parameters on the removal of a toxic disinfection by-product (DBP), dichloroacetonitrile (DCAN), from drinking water. Based on the test results of a bench system, the UVsolar/TiO2/O3 process had the highest DCAN-removal rate among the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). The optimal TiO2 and ozone doses were 1gL−1 and 1.13gL−1h−1, respectively, while room temperature (20°C) produced the highest rate constant in the kinetic tests. The kinetic rate constants linearly increased when the UVsolar intensity increased in the range 4.6–25Wm−2; however, it increased less at intensities higher than 25Wm−2. The test results of the outdoor system showed that the solar/TiO2/O3 process provided complete removal of DCAN that was two times faster and had about 4.6 times higher energy efficiency than with solar/TiO2. As a green oxidation technique, solar photocatalytic ozonation could be a good alternative for treating recalcitrant and toxic organic pollutants, because it has high oxidation potential and low energy consumption compared to conventional AOPs.