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Effect of curcumin and quercetin on lysosomal enzyme activities in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Chougala, Mallikarjun B., Bhaskar, Jamuna J., Rajan, M.G.R., Salimath, Paramahans V.
Clinical nutrition 2012 v.31 no.5 pp. 749-755
acid phosphatase, beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase, beta-galactosidase, brain, curcumin, diabetes, diet, enzyme activity, liver, quercetin, rats, spleen, testes
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Diabetes causes impairment of various enzyme activities in the physiological system, including lysosomal enzymes. The effect of feeding curcumin, quercetin and aminoguanidine on lysosomal enzyme activities viz., N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase, β-d-glucuronidase, β-d-galactosidase and acid phosphatase were studied in different tissues of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. METHOD: Rats were divided into four control groups and four diabetic groups. Experimental groups were fed with diet supplemented with curcumin (0.5%) or quercetin (0.1%) or aminoguanidine (0.05%). Lysosomal enzyme activities were determined in various tissues. RESULTS: The specific activity of N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase in liver of diabetic rats was decreased when compared to control rats and was ameliorated with curcumin and quercetin treatment by 67% and 78%, respectively. On the other hand, β-d-glucuronidase activity was higher in the brain of diabetic rats (0.90 ± 0.04 nmol/mg protein/min), when compared to control rats (0.45 ± 0.02 nmol/mg protein/min) and was decreased in curcumin (0.75 ± 0.05 nmol/mg protein/min) and quercetin (0.74 ± 0.11 nmol/mg protein/min) treated rats. β-d-galactosidase activity in spleen of curcumin and quercetin fed diabetic group rats was ameliorated by 68% and 58%, respectively, in comparison to diabetic rats. Acid phosphatase activity in diabetic rats decreased in testis when compared to control. CONCLUSION: Curcumin and quercetin feeding modulated lysosomal enzyme activities in different tissues during diabetes and the effect was comparable to well-known anti-glycative agent - aminoguanidine.