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Catch-up growth after long-term implementation and weaning from ketogenic diet in pediatric epileptic patients

Kim, Jeong Tae, Kang, Hoon-Chul, Song, Ji-Eun, Lee, Min Jung, Lee, Yun Jin, Lee, Eun Joo, Lee, Joon Soo, Kim, Heung Dong
Clinical nutrition 2013 v.32 no.1 pp. 98-103
body mass index, children, compensatory growth, epilepsy, females, growth retardation, health care workers, ketogenic diet, long term care, males, nutritional intervention, patients, planning, weaning, weight gain
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To assess the presence of growth retardation during long-term implementation of ketogenic diet (KD) among children with epilepsy, and verify the presence of catch-up growth in same patients 1 year after diet discontinuation. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 20 males and 20 females was performed and z scores of height, weight and body mass index was obtained at baseline, 2 years into KD, and 1 year after discontinuation of KD. RESULTS: Our analysis revealed significant reduction in both height and weight gain among children with epilepsy after prolonged KD. After a year of diet discontinuation, significant catch-up growth was evident in both height and weight. In regard to specific subsets, ambulation had favorable influence on growth during KD and after diet discontinuation. Uncontrolled epilepsy, and younger age at the start of KD contributed a negative impact on a child's growth. CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary observation into long-term growth pattern among recipients of KD will aid both health care providers and patients alike in planning for long-term care extending beyond the duration of dietary treatment.