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Bactridine’s effects on DUM cricket neurons under voltage clamp conditions

Forsyth, P., Sevcik, C., Martı´nez, R., Castillo, C., D’Suze, G.
Journal of insect physiology 2012 v.58 no.12 pp. 1676-1685
Gryllidae, Scorpiones, insects, neurons, sodium, sodium channels, toxins
We describe the effects of six bactridines (150nM) on cricket dorsal unpaired median (DUM) neurons. The addition of bactridine 2 to DUM neurons induced a large current component with a reversal potential more negative than −30mV, most evident at the end of the pulses. This current was completely suppressed when 1μM amiloride was applied before adding the bactridines. Since the amiloride sensitive current is able to distort the aim of our study, i.e. the effect of bactridines on sodium channels, all experiments were done in the presence of 1μM amiloride. Most bactridines induced voltage shifts of V₁/₂ of the Boltzmann inactivation voltage dependency curves in the hyperpolarizing direction. Bactridines 1, 4 and 6 reduced Na current peak by 65, 80 and 24% of the control, respectively. The sodium conductance blockage by bactridines was voltage independent at potentials >20mV. Bactridines effect on cricket DUM neurons does not correspond to neither α- nor β-toxins. Most bactridines shifted the inactivation curves in the hyperpolarizing direction without any effects on the activation m∞-like curves. Also bactridines differ from other NaScpTx in that they increased an amiloride-sensitive conductance in DUM neurons. Our result suggest that the α/β classification of sodium scorpion toxins is not all encompassing. The present work shows that bactridines target more than one site: insect voltage dependent Na channels and an amiloride-sensitive ionic pathway which is under study.