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Survey of Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in raw ingredients and ready-to-eat products by commercial real-time PCR kits
- Kotzekidou, Parthena
- Food microbiology 2013 v.35 no.2 pp. 86-91
- Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, desserts, food contamination, ingredients, microbial detection, pastries, pathogens, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, raw foods, ready-to-eat foods, surveys, Canada, France
- Real-time PCR (RTiPCR) assays including enrichment stage were evaluated for the rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in raw ingredients and ready-to-eat products using molecular beacon probes available as commercial kits (WARNEX Genevision, Canada & AES Chemunex detection system, France). The accuracy of the assays was evaluated analyzing 1032 naturally contaminated food samples in combination to the conventional cultural methods. Presence/absence testing of the above pathogens was performed in 25 g samples of each product. In case of L. monocytogenes of 39 positive RTiPCR samples, 37 were confirmed by the cultural method (based on McNemar's test the difference between the two methods is insignificant). The highest incidence of L. monocytogenes in food products was found in desserts and the second highest in frozen pastries. None of the samples were cultural positive but negative in the RTiPCR test. One among the 343 investigated samples was positive for Salmonella spp. by RTiPCR and the cultural method. Out of 333 samples analyzed for E. coli O157:H7 no positive sample was detected. RTiPCR-based methods proved to be powerful tools for fast, sensitive and accurate pathogen detection in raw food ingredients and ready-to-eat products.