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Adhesion and splash dispersal of Salmonella enterica Typhimurium on tomato leaflets: Effects of rdar morphotype and trichome density

Cevallos-Cevallos, Juan M., Gu, Ganyu, Danyluk, Michelle D., van Bruggen, Ariena H.C.
International journal of food microbiology 2012 v.160 no.1 pp. 58-64
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium, adhesion, hydrophobicity, leaves, rain, salicylic acid, tomatoes, trichomes
Salmonella enterica strains with rdar (red dry and rough) and saw (smooth and white) morphotypes have previously been associated with tomato outbreaks but the dispersal mechanisms of these morphotypes are still poorly understood. In this study, Salmonella adhesion was distinguished from attachment by comparing different contact periods. Initial adhesion of rdar and saw morphotypes of Salmonella was compared in relation to tomato plants with different leaf trichome densities. Trichome densities were increased or reduced by treatment with jasmonic or salicylic acid, respectively. The overall effect of Salmonella morphotype and trichome density on splash dispersal was assessed in a rain simulator and correlated to cell hydrophobicity and initial adhesion. The presence of the rdar morphotype increased initial adhesion at high trichome densities but not at low trichome densities. Attachment of the rdar strain occurred after 30s contact time regardless of trichome density. Splash dispersal was slightly further for the saw morphotype than the rdar morphotype of S. enterica at all trichome densities. Salmonella cells of both morphotypes survived significantly better on the surface of high trichome density leaflets.