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Analysis of the Functions of Recombination-Related Genes in the Generation of Large Chromosomal Deletions by Loop-Out Recombination in Aspergillus oryzae
- Takahashi, Tadashi, Ogawa, Masahiro, Koyama, Yasuji
- Eukaryotic cell 2012 v.11 no.4 pp. 507-517
- Aspergillus oryzae, DNA damage, aflatoxins, chromosomes, excision, genes, tannase
- Loop-out-type recombination is a type of intrachromosomal recombination followed by the excision of a chromosomal region. The detailed mechanism underlying this recombination and the genes involved in loop-out recombination remain unknown. In the present study, we investigated the functions of ku70, ligD, rad52, rad54, and rdh54 in the construction of large chromosomal deletions via loop-out recombination and the effect of the position of the targeted chromosomal region on the efficiency of loop-out recombination in Aspergillus oryzae. The efficiency of generation of large chromosomal deletions in the near-telomeric region of chromosome 3, including the aflatoxin gene cluster, was compared with that in the near-centromeric region of chromosome 8, including the tannase gene. In the Δku70 and Δku70-rdh54 strains, only precise loop-out recombination occurred in the near-telomeric region. In contrast, in the ΔligD, Δku70-rad52, and Δku70-rad54 strains, unintended chromosomal deletions by illegitimate loop-out recombination occurred in the near-telomeric region. In addition, large chromosomal deletions via loop-out recombination were efficiently achieved in the near-telomeric region, but barely achieved in the near-centromeric region, in the Δku70 strain. Induction of DNA double-strand breaks by I-SceI endonuclease facilitated large chromosomal deletions in the near-centromeric region. These results indicate that ligD, rad52, and rad54 play a role in the generation of large chromosomal deletions via precise loop-out-type recombination in the near-telomeric region and that loop-out recombination between distant sites is restricted in the near-centromeric region by chromosomal structure.