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Preparative isolation of novel antioxidant flavonoids of alfalfa by stop-and-go counter-current chromatography and following on-line liquid chromatography desalination

Liang, Junling, Yang, Zhi, Cao, Xiaoji, Wu, Bing, Wu, Shihua
Journal of chromatography 2011 v.1218 no.36 pp. 6191-6199
Medicago sativa, absorption, alfalfa, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, aqueous solutions, countercurrent chromatography, desalination, desorption, effluents, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, flavonoids, ionization, isopropyl alcohol, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, sodium chloride, solvents
In this work, we have established a new stop-and-go two-dimensional chromatography coupling of counter-current chromatography and liquid chromatography (2D CCC×LC) for the preparative separation of two novel antioxidant flavonoids from the extract of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). The CCC column has been used as the first dimension to purify the target flavonoids using a solvent system of isopropanol and 20% sodium chloride aqueous solution (1:1, v/v) with the stop-and-go flow technique, and the LC column packed with macroporous resin has been employed as the second dimension for on-line absorption, desalination and desorption of the targeting effluents purified from the first CCC dimension. As a result, two novel flavonoids, 6,8-dihydroxy-flavone-7-O-β-d-glucuronide (15.3mg) and 6-methoxy-8-hydroxy-flavone-7-O-β-d-glucuronide (13.7mg), have been isolated from 126.8mg of crude sample pre-enriched by macroporous resin column. Their structures have been identified by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ESI-TOF-MS) and one- and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectra (1D and 2D NMR). Further antioxidant assays showed that the first component possess a strong antioxidant activity. All the results demonstrated that the stop-and-go 2D CCC×LC method is very efficient for the separation of flavonoids of alfalfa and it can also be applied to isolate other comprehensive multi-component natural products.