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Partitioning behavior of amino acids in aqueous two-phase systems formed by imidazolium ionic liquid and dipotassium hydrogen phosphate

Pei, Yuanchao, Li, Zhiyong, Liu, Li, Wang, Jianji
Journal of chromatography 2012 v.1231 pp. 2-7
alanine, chromatography, dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, hydrophobicity, ionic liquids, leucine, methionine, pH, partition coefficients, temperature, thermodynamics, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine, valine
Partition coefficients of amino acids, including glycine, alanine, 2-aminobutyric acid, valine, leucine, threonine, methinoine, tryptophan and tyrosine, in [Cₙmim]Br (n=4, 6, 8)+K₂HPO₄ aqueous two-phase systems (ATPSs) have been determined, and the relative hydrophobicity of the equilibrium phases in the ionic liquids-based aqueous two-phase systems has been characterized by the Gibbs energies of transfer for methylene group from the bottom salt-rich phase to the top ionic liquid-rich phase. Based on these results, factors affecting the partitioning behavior of the amino acids have been investigated. It is shown that partition coefficients of the amino acids increase with the increase of hydrophobicity of the amino acids and the ionic liquids, solution pH value, tie-line length of the ATPSs and temperature of the systems. The possible driving forces and the thermodynamic parameters for the partitioning of amino acids in the ionic liquids-based ATPSs have also been discussed.