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Surgical Correction of Uterine Torsion and Mare–Foal Survival in Advance Pregnant Equine Patients

Saini, Narinder S., Mohindroo, Jitender, Mahajan, Shashi K., Raghunath, Mulinti, Kumar, Ashwani, Sangwan, Vandana, Singh, Tarunbir, Singh, Navdeep, Singh, Simrat S., Anand, Arun, Singh, Kiranjeet
Journal of equine veterinary science 2013 v.33 no.1 pp. 31-34
anesthesia, breathing, cesarean section, colic, foals, halothane, intravenous injection, isoflurane, ketamine, mares, patients, pregnancy, survival rate, umbilical cord, uterine torsion, uterus, xylazine
This article describes the surgical management of uterine torsion by midline celiotomy and cesarean section on 12 mares presented with signs of colic to a teaching veterinary hospital. The mares were either in full term of gestation (n = 7) or in advanced stage of pregnancy (n = 5). Six mares were in first parity. Uterine torsion was diagnosed by per rectal and per vaginal examinations. For surgical intervention, mares were anesthetized using a combination of xylazine (1.1 mg/kg) and ketamine (2.2 mg/kg), intravenously. After intubation, the animals were maintained on halothane (n = 4) or isoflurane (n = 8) inhalation anesthesia. Midline celiotomy was performed, and foals were delivered by cesarean section. In 11 mares, before closing the abdominal wound, the uterus was detorted manually and confirmed for its normal position. Both anesthetic protocols using halothane and isoflurane were found satisfactory for surgical correction of uterine torsion. After long-term follow-up, the study reported 75.0% (9/12) survival rate for mares. One mare was euthanized because of devitalized, necrosed, and adhered uterus to the abdominal wall. Of the nine surviving mares, seven were successfully bred. Three foals were born alive, and only one could survive on long-term basis. Of the nine dead foals, two had umbilical cord torsion.