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Temporal geoelectric behaviour of dyke aquifers in northern Deccan Volcanic Province, India

Author:
GUPTA, GAUTAM, ERRAM, VINIT C, KUMAR, SUYASH
Source:
Journal of earth system science 2012 v.121 no.3 pp. 723-732
ISSN:
0253-4126
Subject:
attitudes and opinions, Earth system science, canals (waterways), monsoon season, rocks, groundwater flow, aquifers, dams (hydrology), seasonal variation, groundwater, electrical resistance, India
Abstract:
Vertical electrical resistivity soundings (VES) were carried out over four major dykes of Nandurbar district in the northern Deccan Volcanic Province (DVP) of Maharashtra to investigate the subsurface geological conditions, with an aim of identifying zones with groundwater resource potential. Dykes can act as pathways or barrier to the groundwater flow depending upon the intensity of fracturing in the dyke rock. Whether the dykes act as water conduits or as barriers depends on their structure, location and orientation with respect to the groundwater flow. The Nandurbar district is known for occurrence of dykes and dyke swarms. A total of 33 dykes were demarcated in the study region and four major dykes (D4, D5, D6, and D7) from these were chosen for detailed VES studies. Data were acquired over these four dykes during pre-monsoon and post-monsoon periods to observe the seasonal variation in groundwater movement. These studies revealed changes in field characters, their attitudes, thickness and structure of the dykes. Longitudinal geoelectrical sections along these dykes demonstrated carrier as well as barrier stretches which identified potential aquifers up to depths of 25–30 m below which hard and compact rock exists. These studies also indicated that dykes with sufficient width, length and favourable hydrogeological structure form potential aquifers for the occurrence and movement of groundwater in the study area.
Agid:
113770