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Cerium Chloride Improves Protein and Carbohydrate Metabolism of Fifth-Instar Larvae of Bombyx mori Under Phoxim Toxicity

Li, Bing, Xie, Yi, Cheng, Zhe, Cheng, Jie, Hu, Rengping, Sang, Xuezi, Gui, Suxin, Sun, Qingqing, Gong, Xiaolan, Cui, Yaling, Shen, Weide, Hong, Fashui
Biological trace element research 2012 v.150 no.1-3 pp. 214-220
aspartate transaminase, cerium, silkworms, hemolymph, malate dehydrogenase, carbohydrate metabolism, animals, glucose, alanine transaminase, lactate dehydrogenase, poisoning, leaves, phoxim, pyruvic acid, sericulture, larvae, enzyme activity, toxicity, survival rate, uric acid, free amino acids, proteinases, mulberries, succinate dehydrogenase (quinone), urea, Bombyx mori
The organophosphorus pesticide poisoning of the silkworm Bombyx mori is one of the major events causing serious damage to sericulture. Added low-dose rare earths are demonstrated to increase resistance in animals. However, very little is known about whether or not added CeCl₃ can increase resistance of silkworm to phoxim poisoning. The present findings suggested that added CeCl₃ to mulberry leaves markedly increased contents of protein, glucose and pyruvate, and carbohydrate metabolism-related enzyme activities, including lactate dehydrogenase, succinate dehydrogenase and malate dehydrogenase, and attenuated free amino acids, urea, uric acid and lactate levels and inhibited the protein metabolism-related enzymes activities, such as protease, alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase in the haemolymph of B. mori, under phoxim toxicity. These findings suggest that added CeCl₃ may improve protein and carbohydrate metabolisms, thus leading to increases of growth and survival rate of B. mori under phoxim stress.