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A maize calcium-dependent protein kinase gene, ZmCPK4, positively regulated abscisic acid signaling and enhanced drought stress tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis

Jiang, Shanshan, Zhang, Dan, Wang, Li, Pan, Jiaowen, Liu, Yang, Kong, Xiangpei, Zhou, Yan, Li, Dequan
Plant physiology and biochemistry 2013 v.71 pp. 112-120
Arabidopsis, abscisic acid, corn, gene overexpression, genes, plant response, protein kinases, proteins, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, seed germination, seedling growth, signal transduction, stomatal movement, stress tolerance, transgenic plants, water stress
Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) play essential roles in calcium-mediated signal transductions in plant response to abiotic stress. Several members have been identified to be regulators for plants response to abscisic acid (ABA) signaling. Here, we isolated a subgroup I CDPK gene, ZmCPK4, from maize. Quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed that the ZmCPK4 transcripts were induced by various stresses and signal molecules. Transient and stable expression of the ZmCPK4-GFP fusion proteins revealed ZmCPK4 localized to the membrane. Moreover, overexpression of ZmCPK4 in the transgenic Arabidopsis enhanced ABA sensitivity in seed germination, seedling growth and stomatal movement. The transgenic plants also enhanced drought stress tolerance. Taken together, the results suggest that ZmCPK4 might be involved in ABA-mediated regulation of stomatal closure in response to drought stress.