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Analysis of embryo, cytoplasmic and maternal genetic correlations for seven essential amino acids in rapeseed meal (Brassica napus L.)

Author:
CHEN, GUO LIN, WU, JIAN GUO, VARIATH, MURALI-TOTTEKKAAD, YANG, ZHONG WEI, SHI, CHUN HAI
Source:
Journal of genetics 2011 v.90 no.1 pp. 67-74
ISSN:
0022-1333
Subject:
Brassica napus, breeding, cytoplasm, diploidy, essential amino acids, genetic correlation, genotype, genotype-environment interaction, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, models, parents, phenylalanine, quantitative traits, rapeseed meal, threonine, valine
Abstract:
Genetic correlations of nutrient quality traits including lysine, methionine, leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, valine and threonine contents in rapeseed meal were analysed by the genetic model for quantitative traits of diploid plants using a diallel design with nine parents of Brassica napus L. These results indicated that the genetic correlations of embryo, cytoplasm and/or maternal plant have made different contribution to total genetic correlations of most pairwise nutrient quality traits. The genetic correlations among the amino acids in rapeseed meal were simultaneously controlled by genetic main correlations and genotype × environment (GE) interaction correlations, especially for the maternal dominance correlations. Most components of genetic main correlations and GE interaction correlations for the pairwise traits studied were significantly positive. Some of the pairwise traits had negative genetic correlations, especially between valine and other amino acid contents. Indirect selection for improving the quality traits of rapeseed meal could be expected in rape breeding according to the magnitude and direction of genetic correlation components.
Agid:
117074