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Deciphering the Genetic Blueprint behind Holstein Milk Proteins and Production

Lee, Hyun-Jeong, Kim, Jaemin, Lee, Taeheon, Son, Jun Kyu, Yoon, Ho-Baek, Baek, Kwang-Soo, Jeong, Jin Young, Cho, Yong-Min, Lee, Kyung-Tai, Yang, Byoung-Chul, Lim, Hyun-Joo, Cho, Kwanghyeon, Kim, Tae-Hun, Kwon, Eung Gi, Nam, Jungrye, Kwak, Woori, Cho, Seoae, Kim, Heebal
Genome biology and evolution 2014 v.6 no.6 pp. 1366-1374
Holstein, cardiovascular diseases, cattle, domestication, genes, genetic disorders, inbreeding depression, milk proteins, milk yield
Holstein is known to provide higher milk yields than most other cattle breeds, and the dominant position of Holstein today is the result of various selection pressures. Holstein cattle have undergone intensive selection for milk production in recent decades, which has left genome-wide footprints of domestication. To further characterize the bovine genome, we performed whole-genome resequencing analysis of 10 Holstein and 11 Hanwoo cattle to identify regions containing genes as outliers in Holstein, including CSN1S1, CSN2, CSN3, and KIT whose products are likely involved in the yield and proteins of milk and their distinctive black-and-white markings. In addition, genes indicative of positive selection were associated with cardiovascular disease, which is related to simultaneous propagation of genetic defects, also known as inbreeding depression in Holstein.