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Description of Kordiimonas aquimaris sp. nov., isolated from seawater, and emended descriptions of the genus Kordiimonas Kwon et al. 2005 emend. Xu et al. 2011 and of its existing species

Yang, Seong-Hyun, Kim, Mi-Ree, Seo, Hyun-Seok, Lee, Sung Hyuk, Lee, Jung-Hyun, Kim, Sang-Jin, Kwon, Kae Kyoung
International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 2013 v.63 no.Pt 1 pp. 298-302
DNA, bacteria, fatty acids, glycolipids, nucleotide sequences, pH, phosphatidylethanolamines, ribosomal RNA, seawater, sequence analysis, sodium chloride, Korean Peninsula, Sea of Japan
A Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped (0.6–0.9×0.7–1.2 µm), motile marine bacterium, designated MEBiC06554T, was isolated from seawater collected from the East Sea, Korea (also known as the Sea of Japan). 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain MEBiC06554T was affiliated to the order Kordiimonadales and showed high similarity to Kordiimonas gwangyangensis GW14-5T (95.4 %), but formed a distinct phyletic line. Growth was observed at 10.5–35.0 °C (optimum 20 °C), at pH 5.0–8.0 (optimum pH 7.0) and with 0–13 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3.0–3.5 %). The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 (14.9 %), iso-C17 : 1ω9c (44.6 %), iso-C17 : 0 (6.3 %) and summed feature 3 (comprising iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1ω7c; 13.9 %). The DNA G+C content was 50.3 mol%. The major respiratory quinone was Q-10. Phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified glycolipids, six unidentified aminolipids, three unidentified lipids and one unidentified aminophospholipid were detected as major polar lipids. On the basis of the data from our polyphasic taxonomic study, strain MEBiC06554T should be classified within a novel species of the genus Kordiimonas, as Kordiimonas aquimaris sp. nov. The type strain is MEBiC06554T ( = KCCM 42940T = JCM 16665T). Emended descriptions of the genus Kordiimonas and of its species Kordiimonas gwangyangensis and Kordiimonas lacus are also proposed.