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Acetobacteroides hydrogenigenes gen. nov., sp. nov., an anaerobic hydrogen-producing bacterium in the family Rikenellaceae isolated from a reed swamp

Su, Xiao-Li, Tian, Qi, Zhang, Jie, Yuan, Xian-Zheng, Shi, Xiao-Shuang, Guo, Rong-Bo, Qiu, Yan-Ling
International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 2014 v.64 no.Pt 9 pp. 2986-2991
DNA, Rikenella, acetates, amino acids, arabinose, bacteria, carbon dioxide, fatty acids, fermentation, galactose, gelatin, glucose, glycogen, hydrogen sulfide, iron, lactose, maltose, mannose, new genus, nitrates, nucleotide sequences, pH, pectins, phosphatidylethanolamines, ribosomal RNA, sequence analysis, starch, sulfur, swamps, temperature, yeast extract, China
A strictly anaerobic, mesophilic, carbohydrate-fermenting, hydrogen-producing bacterium, designated strain RL-CT, was isolated from a reed swamp in China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, catalase-negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile rods measuring 0.7–1.0 µm in width and 3.0–8.0 µm in length. The optimum temperature for growth of strain RL-CT was 37 °C (range 25–40 °C) and pH 7.0–7.5 (range pH 5.7–8.0). The strain could grow fermentatively on yeast extract, tryptone, arabinose, glucose, galactose, mannose, maltose, lactose, glycogen, pectin and starch. The main end products of glucose fermentation were acetate, H2 and CO2. Organic acids, alcohols and amino acids were not utilized for growth. Yeast extract was not required for growth; however, it stimulated growth slightly. Nitrate, sulfate, sulfite, thiosulfate, elemental sulfur and Fe(III) nitrilotriacetate were not reduced as terminal electron acceptors. Aesculin was hydrolysed but not gelatin. Indole and H2S were produced from yeast extract. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 51.2 mol%. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 0. The most abundant polar lipid of strain RL-CT was phosphatidylethanolamine. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that the isolate belongs to the uncultured Blvii28 wastewater-sludge group ( in the family Rikenellaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes, and shared low sequence similarities with the related species Alistipes shahii WAL 8301T (81.8 %), Rikenella microfusus ATCC 29728T (81.7 %) and Anaerocella delicata WN081T (80.9 %). On the basis of these data, a novel species in a new genus of the family Rikenellaceae is proposed, Acetobacteroides hydrogenigenes gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of the type species is RL-CT ( = JCM 17603T = DSM 24657T = CGMCC 1.5173T).