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Hartmannibacter diazotrophicus gen. nov., sp. nov., a phosphate-solubilizing and nitrogen-fixing alphaproteobacterium isolated from the rhizosphere of a natural salt-meadow plant

Suarez, Christian, Ratering, Stefan, Geissler-Plaum, Rita, Schnell, Sylvia
International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 2014 v.64 no.Pt 9 pp. 3160-3167
DNA, Gram-negative bacteria, Labrenzia, Mesorhizobium, Plantago, Rhizobium, Stappia, acetylene reduction, fatty acids, genes, meadows, nitrogen fixation, nucleotide sequences, phosphatidylcholines, phosphatidylethanolamines, phylogeny, rhizosphere, rhizosphere bacteria, ribosomal RNA, sequence homology, soil
A phosphate-mobilizing, Gram-negative bacterium was isolated from rhizospheric soil of Plantago winteri from a natural salt meadow as part of an investigation of rhizospheric bacteria from salt-resistant plant species and evaluation of their plant-growth-promoting abilities. Cells were rods, motile, strictly aerobic, oxidase-positive and catalase-negative. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain E19T was distinct from other taxa within the class Alphaproteobacteria. Strain E19T showed less than 93.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with members of the genera Rhizobium (≤93.5 %), Labrenzia (≤93.1 %), Stappia (≤93.1 %), Aureimonas (≤93.1 %) and Mesorhizobium (≤93.0 %) and was most closely related to Rhizobium rhizoryzae (93.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strain). The sole respiratory quinone was Q-10, and the polar lipids comprised phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, an aminolipid and an unidentified phospholipid. Major fatty acids were C18 : 1ω7c (71.4 %), summed feature 2 (C14 : 0 3-OH and/or iso-C16 : 1; 8.3 %), C20 : 0 (7.9 %) and C16 : 0 (6.1 %). The DNA G+C content of strain E19T was 59.9±0.7 mol%. The capacity for nitrogen fixation was confirmed by the presence of the nifH gene and the acetylene reduction assay. On the basis of the results of our polyphasic taxonomic study, the new isolate represents a novel genus and species, for which the name Hartmannibacter diazotrophicus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Hartmannibacter diazotrophicus is E19T ( = LMG 27460T = KACC 17263T).