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Chronic phalaris toxicity in eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus)

Author:
Bacci, B, Whiteley, PL, Barrow, M, Phillips, PH, Dalziel, J, El‐Hage, CM
Source:
Australian veterinary journal 2014 v.92 no.12 pp. 504-508
ISSN:
0005-0423
Subject:
Macropus giganteus, Phalaris, brain stem, case studies, discoloration, granules, grazing, head, melanin, neurons, pastures, pigmentation, ruminants, spinal cord, thalamus, toxicity
Abstract:
CASE REPORT: Seven eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) grazing pastures including Phalaris spp. in Victoria showed neurological deficits characterised by ataxia, head tremors and collapse. Gross examination of the brains and spinal cords of affected kangaroos showed a greenish discolouration in several regions of the grey matter. Histologically, intracytoplasmic accumulation of pigment granules was detected in the neurons, most prominently in the thalamus, brainstem and ventral horns of the spinal cord. Pigment granules were positive to stains used for identification of melanin, including Fontana‐Masson stain and Schmorl's reaction. CONCLUSION: The combination of clinical signs and obvious neuronal pigmentation is consistent with chronic Phalaris spp. toxicity, a condition well documented in domestic ruminants.
Agid:
1190545