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Effects of steam-treated rice straw feeding on growth, digestibility, and plasma volatile fatty acids of goats under different housing systems

Muhammad, Naeem, Nasir, Rajput, Li, Dong, Lili, Zhang, Tian, Wang
Tropical animal health and production 2014 v.46 no.8 pp. 1475-1482
acetates, acid detergent fiber, animal housing, blood proteins, butyrates, cholesterol, crude protein, diet, digestibility, fatty acid composition, feed conversion, glucagon, goats, growth performance, insulin, livestock feeding, neutral detergent fiber, organic matter, propionic acid, rice straw, steam, volatile fatty acids, weight gain
In order to use rice straw as forage in livestock feeding, the effects of steam-treated rice straw (at 15.5 kgf/cm²for 120 s) feeding on growth performance, plasma volatile fatty acid profile, and nutrient digestibility of goats were determined. Twenty male goats (18.69 ± 0.34 kg) were used in an 84-day trial. The goats were divided into four groups of five goats each to receive steam-treated (STRS) or untreated (UTRS) rice straw diet under closed house (CH) and open house (OH) systems. The results revealed that the goats fed with STRS had significantly higher dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), and acid detergent fiber (ADF) digestibility; similarly, the average daily weight gain and feed conversion ratio were higher for STRS groups under both CH and OH systems than those for UTRS. The plasma protein and insulin in STRS and cholesterol in UTRS groups was higher (P < 0.05) at 60 days but found not different (P > 0.05) at 30 days. The plasma amylase, lipase, T₃, T₄and glucagon at 30 and 60 days were not different (P > 0.05) among the groups. The plasma acetate, propionate, butyrate, and total volatile fatty acid were higher (P < 0.05) in STRS groups at 30 and 60 days. The housing conditions had no effects (P > 0.05) on these parameters. It could be concluded that steam treatment of rice straw at 15.5 kgf/cm²for 120 s increased apparent nutrient digestibility, hence increased the growth and feed efficiency of growing goats.