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Advances in prevention and therapy of neonatal dairy calf diarrhoea: a systematical review with emphasis on colostrum management and fluid therapy
- Meganck, Vanessa, Hoflack, Geert, Opsomer, Geert
- Acta veterinaria scandinavica 2014 v.56 no.1 pp. 75
- Cryptosporidium parvum, Escherichia coli, colostrum, dairy calves, diarrhea, enteropathogens, farmers, fluid therapy, morbidity, mortality, veterinarians
- Neonatal calf diarrhoea remains the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in preweaned dairy calves worldwide. This complex disease can be triggered by both infectious and non-infectious causes. The four most important enteropathogens leading to neonatal dairy calf diarrhoea are Escherichia coli, rota- and coronavirus, and Cryptosporidium parvum. Besides treating diarrhoeic neonatal dairy calves, the veterinarian is the most obvious person to advise the dairy farmer on prevention and treatment of this disease. This review deals with prevention and treatment of neonatal dairy calf diarrhoea focusing on the importance of a good colostrum management and a correct fluid therapy.