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A review of the production of ethanol from softwood
- Galbe, M., Zacchi, G.
- Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2002 v.59 no.6 pp. 618-628
- cellulose, economics, ethanol, ethanol production, gasoline, hemicellulose, hydrolysis, lignocellulose, microbiology, plant residues, softwood
- Ethanol produced from various lignocellulosic materials such as wood, agricultural and forest residues has the potential to be a valuable substitute for, or complement to, gasoline. One of the major resources in the Northern hemisphere is softwood. This paper reviews the current status of the technology for ethanol production from softwood, with focus on hemicellulose and cellulose hydrolysis, which is the major problem in the overall process. Other issues of importance, e.g. overall process configurations and process economics are also considered.