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Roles of rootstocks and scions in aluminum-tolerance of Citrus

Liao, Xin-Yan, Yang, Lin-Tong, Lu, Yi-Bin, Ye, Xin, Chen, Li-Song
Acta physiologiae plantarum 2015 v.37 no.1 pp. 1743
Citrus maxima, Citrus sinensis, aluminum, anions, chlorophyll, citrates, electron transport chain, fluorescence, genotype, leaves, malates, phosphorus, photosynthesis, pummelos, rootstocks, scions
Four scion-rootstock combination [i.e., X/X and X/SP, ‘Xuegan’ (Citrus sinensis) grafted on ‘Xugan’ and ‘Sour pummelo’ (Citrus grandis), respectively, and SP/X and SP/SP, ‘Sour pummelo’ grafted on ‘Xuegan’ and ‘Sour pummelo’, respectively] plants were treated for 18 weeks with 0 (−Al) or 1.2 mM AlCl₃·6H₂O (+Al). Thereafter, leaf, stem and root concentrations of phosphorus and aluminum (Al), leaf and root levels of organic acids (OAs), Al-induced release of OA anions (i.e., malate and citrate), photosynthesis and chlorophyll a fluorescence (OJIP) transients were measured. Al-induced decrease of photosynthesis and damage of photosynthetic electron transport chain were less pronounced in X/X and X/SP leaves than in SP/SP and SP/X leaves, which might be related with the higher Al-induced root efflux of OA anions and leaf P concentration. C. sinensis rootstock alleviated the influences of Al-toxicity on leaf photosynthetic electron transport chain by enhancing Al-induced release of root OA anions, hence lessening Al-induced photosynthesis inhibition in SP/X plants, while the reverse was the case for C. grandis rootstock in X/SP plants. In conclusion, the tolerance of grafted Citrus plants to Al depends on the scion as well as rootstock genotype, and the scion-rootstock interaction.