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Spermatological characteristics of the genus Taenia inferred from the ultrastructural study on Taenia hydatigena

Miquel, Jordi, Khallaayoune, Khalid, Azzouz-Maache, Samira, Pétavy, Anne-Françoise
Parasitology research 2015 v.114 no.1 pp. 201-208
Taenia hydatigena, dogs, microtubules, mitochondria, proteins, public health, spermatogenesis, spermatozoa, tapeworms, transmission electron microscopy, ultrastructure, Morocco
The present study attempts to establish the sperm ultrastructure baseline for Taenia hydatigena, which is essential for the future research on the location of specific proteins involved in spermatogenesis in this species. Thus, the ultrastructural organisation of the mature spermatozoon is described by means of transmission electron microscopy. Live tapeworms were obtained from an experimentally infected dog in the Department of Pathology and Public Health of the Agronomic and Veterinary Institute Hassan II of Rabat (Morocco). The spermatozoon of T. hydatigena is a filiform cell, which is tapered at both extremities and lacks mitochondria. It exhibits all the characteristics of type VII spermatozoon of tapeworms, namely a single axoneme, a crested body, spiralled cortical microtubules and nucleus, a periaxonemal sheath and intracytoplasmic walls. Other interesting characteristics are the presence of a 2000 nm long apical cone in its anterior extremity and only the axoneme in its posterior extremity. The ultrastructural characters of the spermatozoon of T. hydatigena are compared with those of other cestodes studied to date, with particular emphasis on representatives of the genus Taenia.