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The Stereoselectivity and Hydrolysis Efficiency of Recombinant D-Hydantoinase from Vigna angularis Against 5-Benzylhydantoin Derivatives with Halogen and Methyl Substituents

Latacz, Gniewomir, Kieć-Kononowicz, Katarzyna
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2015 v.175 no.2 pp. 698-704
Escherichia coli, Vigna angularis, biotechnology, biotransformation, capillary electrophoresis, enzyme substrates, high performance liquid chromatography, hydantoins, hydrolysis, monitoring, pharmaceutical industry, substrate specificity
The researches on D-hydantoinase activity and substrate specificity towards dihydropyrimidine and hydantoin derivatives have been carried out intensively over the last few decades. So far, the major efforts have focused on (R,S)-5-phenylhydantoin and (R,S)-5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)hydantoin, the most desirable D-hydantoinase substrates from pharmaceutical industry point of view. However, it was shown that D-hydantoinase is a substrate-dependent enzyme, and its activity and stereoselectivity towards 5-monosubstituted hydantoins varied significantly with the type of substrate and the source of the enzyme. The aim of this study was to estimate the substrate specificity of D-hydantoinase towards series of 5-benzylhydantoin derivatives with halogen and methyl substituents in the phenyl ring. The biotransformations were carried out by using commercial enzyme: immobilized, recombinant, cloned, and expressed in Escherichia coli D-hydantoinase from Vigna angularis (rD-HYD). All reactions were monitored by capillary electrophoresis (CE), and the conversion yields were calculated. Additionally, enantiomeric ratios of the obtained D-phenylalanine derivatives were estimated by chiral high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Interestingly, the differences in the activities of examined enzyme towards particular 5-benzylhydantoin derivatives were observed. CE was also shown as a promising method for monitoring the hydrolysis of new substrates by D-hydantoinase and further analyzing of enzyme substrate specificity.