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Historical development and future perspectives of Environmental Specimen Bank in China: a mini review

Qiu, Fang, Meng, Xiang-Zhou, Qiu, Yan-Ling, Huang, Qing-Hui, Liu, Ying, Wu, Ling-Ling, Xiao, Qian-Fen, Sun, Ya-Jie, Wang, Rui, Zhou, Yi-Hui, Yu, Zhen-Yang, Yin, Da-Qiang, Zhu, Zhi-Liang, Zhao, Jian-Fu
Environmental science and pollution research international 2015 v.22 no.3 pp. 1562-1567
economic development, ecosystems, environmental monitoring, human health, humans, pollution, risk, tissues, China
Environmental problems as well as their related ecosystem stress and human health risk in China have raised wide concerns along with the rapid economic development in recent years. Numerous studies with a sharp increase in publication number have addressed the ubiquitous of anthropogenic chemicals in various environmental compartments and human tissues. However, very few data were available to clarify the temporal trend and to give the retrospective analysis of chemical pollution in China. Environmental Specimen Bank (ESB) is a system for the systematic collection and long-term storage of specimens, which has been established since the 1970s in developed counties and recognized as a fundamental complement for environmental monitoring and scientific research. Currently, the value of ESB is becoming more broadly recognized globally, and China is still at the early stage. This article described the history and status and put forwarded the future key points of Chinese ESB development for illustrating the intensive environmental changes in China and the world.