Main content area

Investigation of four candidate genes (IGF2, JHDM1A, COPB1 and TEF1) for growth rate and backfat thickness traits on SSC2q in Large White pigs

Han, Xuelei, Yang, Huawei, Jiang, Tengfei, Zhang, Qingde, Zeng, Cuiping, Fan, Bin, Liu, Bang
Molecular biology reports 2014 v.41 no.1 pp. 309-315
3' untranslated regions, Large White, average daily gain, backfat, chromosome mapping, genes, marker-assisted selection, muscles, polymerase chain reaction, quantitative trait loci, quantitative traits, restriction fragment length polymorphism, single nucleotide polymorphism, swine
As important quantitative traits, the growth rate and backfat thickness are controlled by multiple genes. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of the single and multiple SNPs of four candidate genes (IGF2, JHDM1A, COPB1 and TEF-1) on growth rate and backfat thickness. The four candidate genes were mapped on the p arm of SSC 2, and there are several QTLs, such as average daily gain, backfat thickness, an imprinted QTLs affecting muscle mass and fat deposition have been reported in this region. The polymorphisms of these genes were detected using PCR–RFLP methods, mixed procedure was used to analyze the single marker association with the growth and backfat thickness traits, and the gene–gene combination was investigated using multiple-markers analysis. The single marker association analysis indicated that the IGF2 intron-3 g.3072G > A and the substitution g.93G > A of TEF-1 gene were significantly associated with the age at 100 kg (P < 0.05). The JHDM1A 3′UTR g.224C > G, the c.3096C > T polymorphism of COPB1 gene and the substitution g.93G > A of TEF-1 gene were all significantly associated with the backfat at the shoulder (P < 0.05), backfat at the last rib, backfat at the lumbar, and the average backfat thickness, respectively. The multiple-markers analysis indicated that IGF2 and TEF-1 integrated gene networks for the age at 100 kg. Therefore, we can suggest that the polymorphism of IGF2 and TEF-1 gene could be used in marker-assisted selection for the age at 100 kg in Large White pigs.