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The ethical dimensions of fisheries

Author:
Lam, Mimi E, Pitcher, Tony J
Source:
Current opinion in environmental sustainability 2012 v.4 no.3 pp. 364-373
ISSN:
1877-3435
Subject:
environmental law, ethics, fisheries, fishery resources, food security, governance, humans, livelihood
Abstract:
The dismal state of world fisheries today reflects humanity's moral failure to maintain the natural environment and its productivity while benefiting from nature's goods and services. Accelerating depletion of fishery resources jeopardizes not only ecological integrity, but also ecological ethics, risking human food security, resilience of fishing communities, and livelihood options for current and future generations. To analyze the approach, implementation and evaluation of the ethical dimensions of fisheries, we review the origins of fairness, justice modalities, fishing rules within formal and informal codes, and two evaluative methodologies. We conclude that ethical fisheries are also sustainable and highlight emerging environmental laws and collaborative governance approaches that may help achieve both goals.
Agid:
121296