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Identification and genetic mapping of the putative Thinopyrum intermedium-derived dominant powdery mildew resistance gene PmL962 on wheat chromosome arm 2BS

Shen, X. K., Ma, L. X., Zhong, S. F., Liu, N., Zhang, M., Chen, W. Q., Zhou, Y. L., Li, H. J., Chang, Z. J., Li, X., Bai, G. H., Zhang, H. Y., Tan, F. Q., Ren, Z. L., Luo, P. G.
Theoretical and applied genetics 2015 v.128 no.3 pp. 517-528
Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, Brachypodium distachyon, Oryza sativa, Thinopyrum intermedium, Triticum aestivum, chromosome mapping, chromosomes, crop production, crossing, disease resistance, dominant genes, genetic distance, marker-assisted selection, microsatellite repeats, pedigree, powdery mildew, rice, wheat
KEY MESSAGE: Powdery resistance putatively derived from Thinopyrum intermedium in the wheat line L962 is controlled by a single dominant gene designated PmL962 and mapped to chromosome arm 2BS. Powdery mildew, caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt), is a destructive disease affecting the production of wheat (Triticum aestivum). Powdery mildew resistance was putatively transferred from Thinopyrum intermedium to the common wheat line L962, which conferred resistance to multiple Chinese Bgt isolates. Genetic analysis of the powdery mildew response was conducted by crossing the resistant line L962 with the susceptible line L983. Disease assessments of the F₁, F₂, and F₂:₃populations from the cross L983/L962 indicated that resistance was controlled by a single dominant gene. A total of 373 F₂:₃lines and 781 pairs of genomic simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers were employed to determine the chromosomal location of the resistance gene. The gene was linked to four publicly available and recently developed wheat genomic SSR markers and seven EST-STS markers. The resistance gene was mapped to chromosome arm 2BS based on the locations of the linked markers. Pedigree, molecular marker and resistance response data indicated that the powdery mildew resistance gene in L962 is novel. It was temporarily designated PmL962. It is flanked by Xwmc314 and BE443737at genetic distances of 2.09 and 3.74 cM, respectively, and located in a 20.77 cM interval that is co-linear with a 269.4 kb genomic region on chromosome 5 in Brachypodium distachyon and a 223.5 kb genomic region on rice (Oryza sativa) chromosome 4. The markers that are closely linked to this gene have potential applications in marker-assisted breeding.