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Chelate-Assisted Phytoremediation of Cu-Pyrene-Contaminated Soil Using Z. mays

Chigbo, Chibuike, Batty, Lesley
Water, air, and soil pollution 2015 v.226 no.3 pp. 2277
EDTA (chelating agent), Zea mays, chelates, citric acid, copper, phytoremediation, plant growth, polluted soils, soil amendments
This study compares the efficiency of a synthetic chelate (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid-EDTA), a natural low-molecular-weight organic acid (citric acid), and their combination for phytoremediation of Cu-pyrene co-contaminated soils. Zea mays was grown in each soil and amended with citric acid and/or EDTA to understand the effect of chelates during phytoremediation of contaminated soils. In Cu or pyrene-contaminated soil, plant growth was negatively affected by EDTA (43 %) and citric acid (44 %), respectively, while EDTA + citric acid promoted (41 %) plant growth in co-contaminated soil. EDTA and EDTA + citric acid increased the phytoextraction of Cu in Cu-contaminated and co-contaminated soils, respectively. In pyrene-contaminated soil, all tested chelates increased the dissipation of pyrene reaching 90.4 % for citric acid, while in co-contaminated soil, only citric acid or EDTA + citric acid enhanced pyrene dissipation. These results show that Z. mays can be effective with the help of chelates in phytoextraction of Cu and dissipation of pyrene in co-contaminated soil.