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Molecular Cloning, Sequence, and Phylogenetic Analysis of T Helper 1 Cytokines of Pashmina Goats

Shebannavar, Sunil, Rasool, Thaha
Animal biotechnology 2015 v.26 no.2 pp. 120-129
CD4-positive T-lymphocytes, amino acid sequences, amino acids, buffaloes, camels, cats, cattle, complementary DNA, dogs, goats, horses, humans, immune response, interferon-gamma, interleukin-12, interleukin-2, molecular cloning, nucleotide sequences, phylogeny, sequence alignment, sheep, swine
Cytokines play an important role in regulation of immune responses either in health or disease. In the present study, the cDNAs encoding mature Interleukin (IL)-2, interferon gamma (IFN-γ), and IL-12 p35 and p40 of Pashmina goat were cloned and sequenced. The amino acid sequence was deduced from nucleotide sequence and compared with those available in GeneBank. Mature forms of goat IL-2, IFN-γ, IL-12 p35, and IL-12 p40 composed of 135, 143, 196, and 305 amino acid residues, respectively. Comparison of amino acid sequence of goat IL-2 with sheep, buffalo, cattle, pig, camel, cat, and human sequences showed homology percentages of 100, 97.8, 96.3, 72.4, 72.4, 67.2, and 64.7, respectively. Amino acid sequence of goat IFN-γ showed 98.6, 95.8, 81.1, 81.8, 80.4, and 62.9 percent homology with sheep, bovine, pig, horse, dog, and humans, respectively. Homology ranging from 81.6 to 99% for IL-12 p35 sequences and 85.6 to 100% for IL-12 p40 sequences at amino acid level were observed across these species. Multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis of goat cytokines revealed close relationship with sheep sequence.