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Effects of Cadmium Stress on Leaf Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Photosynthesis of Elsholtzia argyi—A Cadmium Accumulating Plant
- Li, Siliang, Yang, Wenhao, Yang, Tingting, Chen, Yan, Ni, Wuzhong
- International journal of phytoremediation 2015 v.17 no.1 pp. 85-92
- Elsholtzia argyi, cadmium, chlorophyll, fluorescence, hydroponics, leaves, photosynthesis, phytoremediation
- A hydroponic experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of cadmium (Cd) on chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthetic parameters on a Cd accumulating plant of Elsholtzia argyi. Four weeks-seedlings of E. argyi were treated with 0 (CK) 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, 50 and 100 μmol L ⁻¹ Cd for 21days. Fv/Fo, Fv/Fm, qP, ΦPSП, ETR and Fv′/Fm′ were significantly increased under low Cd (5–15 μmol L ⁻¹ for Fv/Fo, Fv/Fm and qP, 5–10 μmol L ⁻¹ for ΦPSП, ETR and Fv′/Fm′) stress, and these parameters were similar to control under Cd ≤ 50μmol L ⁻¹. All above parameters were significantly decreased at 100 μmol L ⁻¹ Cd. Compared with control, Pn was significantly (P < 0.05) increased under 5–30 μmol L ⁻¹ Cd. However, 50 and 100 μmol L ⁻¹ Cd significantly (P < 0.05) reduced it. Gs and Tr were substantially decreased at 50–100 and 40–100 μmol L ⁻¹ Cd, respectively. Ci was significantly increased at 50 and 100 μmol L ⁻¹ Cd. High Cd-induced decrease of Pn is not only connected to stomatal limitation but also to the inhibition of Fv/Fo, Fv/Fm, ΦPSП, qP, ETR and increase of NPQ. Maintain chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthesis parameters under its Cd tolerance threshold were one of tolerance mechanisms in E. argyi.