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Role of Extrinsic Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Heavy Metal-Contaminated Wetlands with Various Soil Moisture Levels

Zheng, S., Wang, C., Shen, Z., Quan, Y., Liu, X.
International journal of phytoremediation 2015 v.17 no.3 pp. 208-214
Glomus mosseae, Phragmites australis, ecosystems, heavy metals, mycorrhizae, mycorrhizal fungi, phytoremediation, plant growth, plantlets, pot culture, roots, shoots, soil water, wetland plants, wetland soils, wetlands
This study presents an efficient heavy metal (HM) control method in HM-contaminated wetlands with varied soil moisture levels through the introduction of extrinsic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) into natural wetland soil containing indigenous AMF species. A pot culture experiment was designed to determine the effect of two soil water contents (5–8% and 25–30%), five extrinsic AMF inoculants (Glomus mosseae, G. clarum, G. claroideum, G. etunicatum, and G. intraradices), and HM contamination on root colonization, plant growth, and element uptake of common reed (Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steudel) plantlets in wetland soils. This study showed the prevalence of mycorrhizae in the roots of all P. australis plantlets, regardless of extrinsic AMF inoculations, varied soil moisture or HM levels. It seems that different extrinsic AMF inoculations effectively lowered HM concentrations in the aboveground tissues of P. australis at two soil moisture levels. However, metal species, metal concentrations, and soil moisture should also be very important factors influencing the elemental uptake performance of plants in wetland ecosystems. Besides, the soil moisture level significantly influenced plant growth (including height, and shoot and root dry weight (DW)), and extrinsic AMF inoculations differently affected shoot DW.