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Enhanced Pb Absorption by Hordeum vulgare L. and Helianthus annuus L. Plants Inoculated with an Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Consortium

Arias, Milton Senen Barcos, Peña-Cabriales, Juan José, Alarcón, Alejandro, Maldonado Vega, María
International journal of phytoremediation 2015 v.17 no.5 pp. 405-413
Claroideoglomus claroideum, Glomus intraradices, Helianthus annuus, Hordeum vulgare, absorption, barley, calcium, crops, inoculum, iron, lead, mycorrhizal fungi, phytoremediation, plant development, plant growth, roots, shoots, slags, sodium
The effect of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) consortium conformed by (Glomus intraradices , Glomus albidum , Glomus diaphanum , and Glomus claroideum) on plant growth and absorption of Pb, Fe, Na, Ca, and ³²P in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) plants was evaluated. AMF-plants and controls were grown in a substrate amended with powdered Pb slag at proportions of 0, 10, 20, and 30% v/v equivalent to total Pb contents of 117; 5,337; 13,659, and 19,913 mg Pb kg ⁻¹ substrate, respectively. Mycorrhizal root colonization values were 70, 94, 98, and 90%, for barley and 91, 97, 95, and 97%, for sunflower. AMF inoculum had positive repercussions on plant development of both crops. Mycorrhizal barley absorbed more Pb (40.4 mg Pb kg ⁻¹) shoot dry weight than non-colonized controls (26.5 mg Pb kg ⁻¹) when treated with a high Pb slag dosage. This increase was higher in roots than shoots (650.0 and 511.5 mg Pb kg ⁻¹ root dry weight, respectively). A similar pattern was found in sunflower. Plants with AMF absorbed equal or lower amounts of Fe, Na and Ca than controls. H. vulgare absorbed more total P (1.0%) than H. annuus (0.9%). The arbuscular mycorrizal consortium enhanced Pb extraction by plants.