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The Relationship Between Yield and Fructan Exo-Hydrolases Activity in Two Drought Resistant Wheat Cultivars Grown Under Different Fertilizer and Tillage Treatments

Chen, Wei, Deng, Xi-Ping, Kwak, Sang-Soo, Eneji, Anthony Egrinya
Journal of plant nutrition 2015 v.38 no.1 pp. 13-27
Triticum aestivum, conservation tillage, cultivars, drought tolerance, field experimentation, grain yield, mineral fertilizers, pig manure, transportation, water use efficiency, wheat, China
Using two drought resistant wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars, ‘Changwu134’ and ‘Changhan58,’ a field experiment was conducted in ChangWu Agro-ecological Experiment Station on China's Loess Plateau during 2008 and 2009 to compare the effects of different fertilizer and tillage treatments on the fructan contents as well as fructan exo-hydrolase (FEH) activity in relation to wheat yield. We found that ‘Changhan58’ had greater yield and fructan content in the penultimate internode and higher FEH activity than did ‘Changwu134.’ For ‘Changhan58.’ applying 195 kg·ha ⁻¹(120 +75) N plus 45000 kg·ha ⁻¹ of pig manure and 120 kg·ha ⁻¹ phosphate under conservation tillage produced the highest yield (6769 ka/ha), fructan content in penultimate internode, water use efficiency (WUE), as well as FEH activity among the fertilizer and tillage treatments. Therefore, routine soil management for wheat should focus on combined use of manures and inorganic fertilizer to enhance the amount and transportation efficiency of WSC and ultimately ensure greater yield.