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Cosmetic wastewater treatment by coagulation and advanced oxidation processes

Naumczyk, Jeremi, Bogacki, Jan, Marcinowski, Piotr, Kowalik, Paweł
Environmental technology 2014 v.35 no.5 pp. 541-548
aluminum, chemical oxygen demand, coagulation, environmental technology, free radical scavengers, neutralization, oxidation, wastewater, wastewater treatment
In this study, the treatment process of three cosmetic wastewater types has been investigated. Coagulation allowed to achieve chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal of 74.6%, 37.7% and 74.0% for samples A (Al ₂(SO ₄) ₃), B (Brentafloc F3) and C (PAX 16), respectively. The Fenton process proved to be effective as well – COD removal was equal to 75.1%, 44.7% and 68.1%, respectively. Coagulation with FeCl ₃ and the subsequent photo-Fenton process resulted in the best values of final COD removal equal to 92.4%, 62.8% and 90.2%. In case of the Fenton process, after coagulation these values were equal to 74.9%, 50.1% and 84.8%, while in case of the H ₂O ₂/UV process, the obtained COD removal was 83.8%, 36.2% and 80.9%. High value of COD removal in the Fenton process carried out for A and C wastewater samples was caused by a significant contribution of the final neutralization/coagulation. Very small effect of the oxidation reaction in the Fenton process in case of sample A resulting from the presence of antioxidants, ‘OH radical scavengers’ in the wastewater.