Main content area

Evaluation of the migration of 15 photo-initiators from cardboard packaging into Tenax® using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS)

Van Den Houwe, K., van de Velde, S., Evrard, C., Van Hoeck, E., Van Loco, J., Bolle, F.
Food additives & contaminants 2014 v.31 no.4 pp. 767-775
acetonitrile, benzophenone, cardboard, foods, liquid chromatography, packaging, packaging materials, plastic film, tandem mass spectrometry
Photo-initiators are widely used to cure ink on packaging materials used in food applications such as plastic films or cartonboards. In migration studies, food simulants are very often used to simulate food, like Tenax ®, which is the simulant for dry foodstuffs. In this paper a fast and reliable confirmation method for the determination of the following photo-initiators in Tenax ® is described: benzophenone (BP), 4,4´- bis (diethylamino)benzophenone (DEAB), 2-chloro-9H-thioxanthen-9-one (CTX), 1-chloro-4-propoxy-9H-thioxanthen-9-one (CPTX), 2,4-diethyl-9H-thioxanthen-9-one (DETX), 2,2-dimethoxy-2-phenyl acetophenone (DMPA), 4-(dimethylamino)benzophenone (DMBP), 2-ethylanthraquinone (EA), ethyl-4-dimethylaminobenzoate (EDMAB), 1-hydroxylcyclohexyl phenyl ketone (HCPK), 2-hydroxy-4´-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-2-methylpropiophenone (HMMP), 2-isopropyl-9H-thioxanthen-9-one (ITX), 4-methylbenzophenone (MBP), Michler’s ketone (MK), and 4-phenylbenzophenone (PBZ). After the migration study was completed, the simulant Tenax ® was extracted using acetonitrile, followed by analysis on ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Quantification was carried out using benzophenone-d ₁₀ (BP-d ₁₀) as internal standard. The presented method is validated in terms of matrix effect, specificity, linearity, recovery, precision and sensitivity, showing the method can detect all photo-initiators at very low concentrations (LOD < 0.125 µg g –¹ for all substances). Finally, the procedure was applied to real samples, proving the capabilities of the presented method.